СОР № 1 Английский язык 9 класс Earth and our place in itНазад
Earth and our place in it
Discuss the following questions about the global warming and its causes and consequences.
a) What is Global Warming?
b) Why is this problem important?
c) What are the possible solutions?
a) Climate change is understood as long-term changes in temperature and weather conditions. These changes may be natural, but since the 1800s, their main factor has been anthropogenic activity, mainly the burning of fossil fuels (for example, coal, oil and gas), which results in gases that retain heat in the atmosphere.
b) Global warming has been talked about in the scientific community for a very, very long time. But only in 2015, representatives of 195 countries signed the Paris Agreement, according to which it is necessary to keep global warming at 1.5 °C compared to the pre-industrial era. According to scientists, this is the only way to prevent a climate catastrophe.
However, at the end of 2018, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published a report in which it stated that solving climate change problems cannot be postponed. The main conclusion is that irreparable damage to the planet can be inflicted by 2030. The participants of the Paris Agreement promised not to let the atmosphere warm by more than 2 °C by 2100, but now humanity is moving towards the 3°C mark. According to experts, people have reached a critical point in their influence on the planet, so immediate global changes are needed in all spheres of society.
c) 1. Use public transport more often.
2. Save energy.
3. Reduce meat consumption.
4. Dispose of waste, use recyclable materials, even water.
5. Inform and educate